# A problem that appeared on AMM

Prove that a square cannot be dissected into an odd number of triangles of equal area.

# ELMO 2012 SL N9

Are there positive integers $m,n$ such that there exist at least $2012$ positive integers $x$ such that both $m-x^2$ and $n-x^2$ are perfect squares?

# ELMO 2012 SL A9

Let $a,b,c$ be distinct positive real numbers, and let $k$ be a positive integer greater than $3$. Show that

$\left\lvert\frac{a^{k+1}(b-c)+b^{k+1}(c-a)+c^{k+1}(a-b)}{a^k(b-c)+b^k(c-a)+c^k(a-b)}\right\rvert\ge \frac{k+1}{3(k-1)}(a+b+c)$

and

$\left\lvert\frac{a^{k+2}(b-c)+b^{k+2}(c-a)+c^{k+2}(a-b)}{a^k(b-c)+b^k(c-a)+c^k(a-b)}\right\rvert\ge \frac{(k+1)(k+2)}{3k(k-1)}(a^2+b^2+c^2)$

# Continued Fractions and Linear Fractional Transformations

This is an article written by Evan O’Dorney for Intel STS 2011. It deals with rational approximation to some square roots. The article is at here

# Putnam 2014 B6

Let $f:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}$ be a function for which there exists a constant $K>0$ such that $|f(x)-f(y)|\le K|x-y|$ for all $x,y\in [0,1].$ Suppose also that for each rational number $r\in [0,1],$ there exist integers $a$ and $b$ such that $f(r)=a+br.$ Prove that there exist finitely many intervals $I_1,\dots,I_n$ such that $f$ is a linear function on each $I_i$ and $[0,1]=\bigcup_{i=1}^nI_i.$

# Putnam 2014 A5

Let $P_n(x)=1+2x+3x^2+\cdots+nx^{n-1}.$ Prove that the polynomials $P_j(x)$ and $P_k(x)$ are relatively prime for all positive integers $j$ and $k$ with $j\ne k.$

# Romania 2013 p4 grade 12

Given $n\ge 2$ a natural number, $(K,+,\cdot )$ a body with commutative property that $\underbrace{1+...+}_{m}1\ne 0,m=2,...,n,f\in K[X]$ a polynomial of degree $n$ and $G$ a subgroup of the additive group $(K,+,\cdot )$, $G\ne K.$Show that there is $a\in K$ so $f(a)\notin G$.