ELMO 2012 SL A9

Let a,b,c be distinct positive real numbers, and let k be a positive integer greater than 3. Show that

\left\lvert\frac{a^{k+1}(b-c)+b^{k+1}(c-a)+c^{k+1}(a-b)}{a^k(b-c)+b^k(c-a)+c^k(a-b)}\right\rvert\ge \frac{k+1}{3(k-1)}(a+b+c)

and

\left\lvert\frac{a^{k+2}(b-c)+b^{k+2}(c-a)+c^{k+2}(a-b)}{a^k(b-c)+b^k(c-a)+c^k(a-b)}\right\rvert\ge \frac{(k+1)(k+2)}{3k(k-1)}(a^2+b^2+c^2)

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